William & Mary
Timothy Zick

Timothy Zick

John Marshall Professor of Government and Citizenship
Degrees: J.D., Georgetown University; B.A., Indiana University
Email: [[tzick]]
Office phone: (757) 221-2076
Office location: Room 214
Full resume: here (.pdf in new window)
Areas of Specialization

Constitutional Law; Constitutional Law--14th Amendment; Constitutional Law--1st Amendment (Speech); Constitutional Law--Federalism

Teaching Interests

First Amendment; Law and Religion; Constitutional Law; Constitutional Theory

Representative Professional Activities and Achievements

Professor Zick has written on a variety of constitutional issues, with a special focus on the First Amendment. He is the author of four university press books on the subject:Speech Out of Doors: Preserving First Amendment Liberties in Public Places (Cambridge University Press, 2009); The Cosmopolitan First Amendment: Protecting Transborder Expressive and Religious Liberties (Cambridge University Press, 2013); The Dynamic Free Speech Clause: Free Speech and Its Relation to Other Constitutional Rights (Oxford University Press, 2018); and The First Amendment in the Trump Era (Oxford University Press, 2019).

Professor Zick has been a frequent commentator in local, national, and international media regarding public protests and other First Amendment concerns. He testified before Congress on the Occupy Wall Street protests and rights of free speech, assembly, and petition. Professor Zick has been the recipient of the Plumeri Award for Faculty Excellence in 2011, 2013 and 2017.

In the News
  • Brad Brooks, Free speech, gun rights on collision course in United States, some legal experts say, Reuters, Sept. 11, 2020. Online.
  • Ben Finley, Case cites senator’s words before protesters marred monument, AP News, Aug. 24, 2020. Online.
  • Garrett Epps, The Whole Concept of 'Unlawful Assembly' Is a Mess, The Atlantic, Aug. 09, 2020. Online.
  • Zeeshan Aleem, The Goya Foods free speech controversy, explained, Vox.com, Jul. 12, 2020. Online.
  • Kimberly Strawbridge Robinson, Justices Revive Speech Requirement for Overseas HIV Funding (2), Bloomberg Law, Jun. 29, 2020. Online.
  • Cat Modlin-Jackson, What Exactly is an "Unlawful Assembly?", radio IQ|wvft Music, Jun. 26, 2020. Online.
  • Scottie Andrew, If you're planning to take part in protests, know your rights., CNN, Jun. 2, 2020. Online.
  • Olivia Li, When Protestors Carry Guns, Does It Impede Others’ Free Speech?, The Trace, Mar. 5, 2020. Online.
  • Graham Moomaw, Would Virginia’s red flag law withstand constitutional scrutiny? In other states, similar laws already have., Virginia Mercury, Feb. 5, 2020. Online.
  • Aaron Freiwald, host of the Good Law|Bad Law podcast, interviewed Professor Zick about his recently published book, The First Amendment in the Trump Era , (OUP 2019). Listen: Online.
  • Marissa J. Lang, A police officer sued a Black Lives Matter protester for violence he didn’t commit. What’s next has free-speech advocates worried., The Washington Post, Dec. 13, 2019. Online.
  • Timothy Zick, Edited by: Tim Zubizarreta, The Constitutional Case for "Red Flag" Laws, Jurist, Dec. 6, 2019. Online.
  • Adam Liptak, After Long Gap, Supreme Court Poised to Break Silence on Gun Rights, The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2019. Online.
  • Robin Bravender, U.S. Supreme Court may sidestep a big Second Amendment fight, The Virginia Mercury, Dec. 2, 2019. Online.
  • Ben Paviour, ‘2nd Amendment Sanctuaries’ Push Back on Proposed New Gun Laws, VPM, Nov. 20, 2019. Online.
  • Nico Perrino, So to Speak podcast: ‘The First Amendment in the Trump Era’ w/ Professor Timothy Zick, The Fire, Nov. 14, 2019. Online.
  • First Amendment Watch (NYU) Interviews Professor Zick About His Book, The First Amendment in the Trump Era, First Amendment Watch, Oct. 30, 2019. Online.
  • Allison Wrabel, Albemarle eyes more changes to allowable public use of county property, The Daily Progress, Oct. 12, 2019. Online.
  • David Lazarus, Trump says drug companies should include prices in TV ads. Good luck with that, Los Angeles Times, Oct. 18, 2018. Online.
  • Timothy Zick, Judge Kavanaugh and Freedom of Expression, SCOTUSblog, August 7, 2018. Online.
  • Linda Qui, Trump Takes Aim at Kerry — Again — Ahead of Announcement on Iran Deal, New York Times, May 7, 2018. Online.
  • Steven Nelson, Calling Police ‘Pigs’ Lands Teen in Jail, U.S. News & World Report, Aug. 17, 2015. Online.
  • Dante Ramos, Dictating the Terms of Free Speech, Boston Globe, Jan. 21, 2015. Online.
For additional recent press interviews, click here

Scholarly Publications
  • The First Amendment in the Trump Era (Oxford U. Press, 2019). Online.
  • The Dynamic Free Speech Clause: Freedom of Speech and Its Relation to Other Constitutional Rights (Oxford U. Press, 2018). Purchase.
  • The Cosmopolitan First Amendment: Protecting Transborder Expressive and Religious Liberties ( Cambridge U. Press, 2014). Purchase.
  • Speech Out of Doors: Preserving First Amendment Liberties in Public Places (Cambridge U. Press, 2009). Purchase.
  • The Costs of Dissent: Protest and Civil Liabilities, 89 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming 2021).
  • Framing the Second Amendment: Gun Rights, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, 106 Iowa L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming 2020).
  • The Second Amendment as a Fundamental Right, 46 Hastings Const. L.Q. 621 (2019). SSRN.
  • Arming Public Protests, 104 Iowa L. Rev. 233 (2018). SSRN.
  • Managing Dissent, 95 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1423 (2018). SSRN.
  • Justice Scalia and Abortion Speech, 15 First Amend. L. Rev. 288 (2017). SSRN.
  • Restroom Use, Civil Rights, and Free Speech (Opportunism), 78 Ohio St. L.J. 963 (2017). SSRN.
  • Rights Dynamism, 19 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 791 (2017). SSRN.
  • The Dynamic Relationship Between Freedom of Expression and Equality, 12 Duke J.L. & Pub. Pol. 13 (2016) to be reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2017-2018 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2018. SSRN.
  • First Amendment Cosmopolitanism, Skepticism, and Democracy, 76 Ohio St. L.J. 705 (2015) (Book Review Reponse). SSRN.
  • Professional Rights Speech, 47 Ariz. St. L.J. 1289 (2015) (reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2016-2017 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2017). SSRN.
  • Rights Speech, 48 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1 (2014) (reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2015-2016 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2016)). SSRN.
  • Falsely Shouting Fire in a Global Theater: Emerging Complexities of Trans-Border Expression, 65 Vand. L. Rev. 125 (2012) (reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2012-2013 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2013)). SSRN.
  • Recovering the Assembly Clause, 91 Tex. L. Rev. 375 (2012) (reviewing John D. Inazu, Liberty's Refuge: The Forgotten Freedom of Assembly (2012)).
  • The First Amendment in Trans-Border Perspective: Toward a More Cosmopolitan Orientation, 52 B.C. L. Rev. 941 (2011), reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2011-2012 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2012). SSRN.
  • Summum, The Vocality of Public Places, and the Public Forum, 2010 BYU L. Rev. 2203 (2010). SSRN.
  • Property As/And Constitutional Settlement, 104 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1361 (2010). SSRN.
  • Territoriality and the First Amendment: Free Speech At -- and Beyond -- Our Borders, 85 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1543 (2010). SSRN.
  • "Duty-Defining Power" and the First Amendment's Civil Domain, 109 Colum. L. Rev. Sidebar 116 (2009). SSRN.
  • Constitutional Displacement, 86 Wash. U. L. Rev. 515 (2009). SSRN.
  • Active Sovereignty, 20 St. John's J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 541 (2007). SSRN.
  • Clouds, Cameras, and Computers: The First Amendment and Networked Public Places, 59 Fla. L. Rev. 1 (2007), reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook: 2007-2008 Edition (Rodney A. Smolla ed., Thompson/West 2007). SSRN.
  • Property, Place, and Public Discourse, 21 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 173 (2006). SSRN.
  • Space, Place, and Speech: The Expressive Topography, 74 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 439 (2006). SSRN.
  • Speech and Spatial Tactics, 84 Tex. L. Rev. 581 (2006). SSRN.
  • Are the States Sovereign?, 83 Wash. U. L.Q. 229 (2005). SSRN.
  • Cross Burning, Cockfighting, and Symbolic Meaning: Toward A First Amendment Ethnography, 45 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 2261 (2004). SSRN.
  • Statehood as The New Personhood: The Discovery of Fundamental "States' Rights," 46 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 213 (2004). SSRN.
  • Constitutional Empiricism: Quasi-Neutral Principles and Constitutional Truths, 82 N.C. L. Rev. 115 (2003). SSRN.
  • Marbury Ascendant: The Rehnquist Court and the Power to "Say What The Law Is," 59 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 839 (2002). SSRN.
Book Chapters
  • Parades, Picketing, and Demonstrations, in Oxford Handbook on Freedom of Speech (Schauer & Stone eds., 2019). SSRN.
  • Book Review of Robert L. Tsai's Practical Equality: Forging Justice in a Divided Nation (W.W. Norton & Co. 2019). SSRN.
  • Timothy Zick, Firearms Law Workshop Mini-Symposium, Part III: Framing the Second Amendment: Gun Rights, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties, Duke Center for Firearms Law Blog, August 22, 2019 . Online.
  • Timothy Zick, TRUST and Retaliation: The First Amendment and Trump's Taxes, ACSBlog, July 31, 2019 . Online.
  • Timothy Zick, The President's Utterly Un-American Response to Dissent, ACSBlog, July 22, 2019 . Online.
  • Timothy Zick, President Trump: Challenging Core First Amendment Principles, ACSBlog, August 20, 2018 . Online.
  • Timothy Zick, The First Amendment, the Second Amendment, and 3D Firearms, ACSBlog, August 8, 2018 . Online.
  • Protests in Peril, U.S. News & World Report, November 20, 2017. Online.
  • What Trump Misses About Free Speech, U.S. News & World Report, September 26, 2017. Online.
  • The First Amendment and the World, Washington Monthly, January 23, 2016. Online.

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