Lynda L. Butler
Chancellor Professor of Law, Emerita, and Director, William & Mary Property Rights Project
Office phone: (757) 221-3843
Office location: Room 211
Areas of Specialization
Constitutional Law--Eminent Domain (Takings); Environmental Law (Climate Change); Land Use and Zoning; Natural Resources Law (Water Resources); Property Law
Representative Professional Activities and Achievements
2019 Recipient of the University’s Thomas A. Graves, Jr. Award for Sustained Excellence in Teaching.
Practiced law in Washington, D.C. and was a visiting professor at Ohio State University.
Co-author of Virginia Tidal and Coastal Law and author of articles in the Arizona, Brigham Young University, Illinois, Southern California and William and Mary law reviews, among others.
Vice Dean 2000-2008; Acting Dean 2008-2009. Member (ex officio) of the Board of Governor's of the Real Property Section of the Virginia State Bar. Co-chair, College's Committee on Sustainability.
Past president of the College's Faculty Assembly.
- Virginia Tidal and Coastal Law (Michie Co. 1988) (with Margit Livingston) (Click on link to view Ch. 5, Development of the Public Trust Doctrine, Ch. 6, Development of the Commons Concept, Ch. 8, The Land Grant Act of 1779 and Other Legislation Affecting Distribution of Private Interests in Land, Ch. 9, The Common Act of 1780, Ch. 10, Public Interest Legislation Enacted During the Period 1781-1818, Ch. 19, Defining Public and Private Interests in the Intertidal Zone: A Conflict Over Ownership and Use, and Ch. 20, Government Regulation of the Intertidal Zone.). Online.
Articles and Book Chapters
- Property, Climate Change and Accountability, in Handbook of Property, Law, and Society (Routledge Press) (Margaret Davies, Lee Godden, and Nicole Graham eds.) (forthcoming 2022). SSRN.
- The Importance of Viewing Property as a System, 58 San Diego L. Rev. 73 (2021). SSRN.
- Murr v. Wisconsin and the Inherent Limits of Regulatory Takings, 47 Fla. St. L. Rev. 99 (2020). SSRN.
- Property's Problem with Extremes, 55 Wake Forest L. Rev. 1 (2020). SSRN.
- Property as a Management Institution, 82 Brook.L. Rev. 1215 (2017). SSRN.
- The Horne Dilemma: Protecting Property's Richness and Frontiers, 75 Md. L. Rev. 787 (2016). SSRN.
- The Governance Function of Constitutional Property, 48 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1687 (2015). SSRN.
- The Resilience of Property, 55 Ariz. L. Rev. 847 (2013). SSRN.
- The Pathology of Property Norms: Living Within Nature's Boundaries, 73 S. Cal. L. Rev. 927 (2000). SSRN.
- Property Rights, 303 in The Bill of Rights, The Courts and The Law, 303-334 (Va. Found. Human. & Pub. Pol'y 1999).
- The Politics of Takings: Choosing the Appropriate Decisionmaker, 38 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 749 (1997). Online.
- A Review and Update of the Law Easements, in The Old, The New and the Necessary-Easements, LLC's and HUD Regs, at V-1 to V-52 (Va. CLE, Virginia Law Found. 1993).
- Private Land Use, Changing Public Values and Notions of Relativity, 13 in Development Expectations and the Zoning Power: The Concept of Vested Rights, 13-22 (Inst. Envtl. Negot., UVA 1992).
- Private Land Use, Changing Public Values and Notions of Relativity, BYU L. Rev. 629 (1992). Online.
- Environmental Water Rights: An Evolving Concept of Public Property, 9 Va. Envtl. L.J. 323 (1990). Online.
- State Environmental Programs: A Study in Political Influence and Regulatory Failure, 31 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 823 (1990). Online.
- Defining a Water Ethic Through Comprehensive Reform: A Suggested Framework for Analysis, U. Ill. L. Rev. 439 (1986). Online.
- Allocating Consumptive Water Rights in a Riparian Jurisdiction: Defining the Relationship Between Public and Private Interests, 47 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 95 (1985). Online.
- Defining Public Consumptive Rights inVirginia's Rivers, Streams, and Lakes: Is Legislative Reform Needed?, 11 Va. B. Assoc. J., Winter, 1985, at 14. Online.
- Commentary on the Proceedings of the Water Rights Symposium, 24 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 767 (1983). Online.
- The Commons Concept: An Historical Concept with Modern Relevance, 23 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 835 (1982). Online.
- Property and Trusts and Estates Section of the Virginia Survey of Law, 62 Va. L. Rev. 1469 (1976) (student work). Online.
- The Fee Simple (Va. State Bar, 1986-2012) (editor, Vols. 6-32) (co-editor, C. Traver on Vols. 22-30, S. Gregory on Vol. 32).
- 111 Ethics 407 (2001) (reviewing Daniel A. Farber, Eco-Pragmatism: Making Sensible Environmental Decisions in an Uncertain World (1999)) (book review).
- Coastal Ecosystem Science for Graduate Students in Law and Business: A Summary of Survey Results and Future Activities for Law Students, (1998) (with Niebuhr, Anderson & Bahen).
- Coastal Marine Science for Law and Business Students: Preparing Law and Business Professionals to Make "Informed Decisions" About Coastal Issues, 16 Int'l Conf. Coastal Soc'y 283 (1998).
- The Supreme Court's Heightened Review of Land Use Exactions, in Dolan v. City of Tigard, 15 The Fee Simple 22.
- Dolan v. City of Tigard: Land Use Exactions After Nollan v. California Coastal Commission, 14 The Fee Simple 57.
- Covenants Not to Compete in the Real Property Context: An Update, 14 The Fee Simple 35 (with Matthew Klepper).
- Barnhill v. Johnson and Payment by Check on the Eve of Bankruptcy: Implications for the Real Estate Attorney, 13 The Fee Simple 43.
- Pierson v. Post and the America's Cup Litigation, 10 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 10.
- Real Estate Transactions and the Uniform Commercial Code: Methods of Indexing Financing Statements, 10 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 42.
- Legal Barriers to Comprehensive Natural Resources Management in Virginia, 1 (1989) (prepared pursuant to a grant from the Virginia Environmental Endowment; 59 pp. of text, 44 pp. of endnotes).
- Report of the Governor's Study Commission on Virginia's Royalty Assessment Program, 1 (1988) (written for the Commission).
- Mullins v. Simmons: The Early Vesting Rule and the 'Death Without Issue' Clause, 8 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 17.
- Selected Recent Ethics Opinions, 8 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 36.
- Lambert v. Barker and Lost Note Affadavits, 8 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 16.
- Priority Contests Involving Deeds of Trust After Hausman v. Hausman, 7 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 8.
- New Tax Reporting Requirement for Closing Attorneys, 7 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 6.
- The Wet Settlement Act and the Problem of Delayed Disbursements, 6 Real Prop. Sec. Newsl. 13.