William and Mary Law School
Sarah L. Stafford

Sarah L. Stafford

Professor of Public Policy, Economics and Law
Degrees: Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University; M.A., The Johns Hopkins University; B.S., Georgetown University
Email: [[slstaf]]
Office phone: (757) 221-1317
Office location: Room 104E
Areas of Specialization

Behavioral Economics; Economic Analysis of Law; Environmental Law; Law and Public Policy; Regulatory Reform

Teaching Interests

Economic Analysis of Law; Environmental Policy; Microeconomics for Policy Analysis; Regulation of Markets

Representative Professional Activities and Achievements

Sarah Stafford received her B.S. in Foreign Service from Georgetown University in 1990 and her Ph.D. in Economics from the Johns Hopkins University in 1998, the same year in which she joined the William and Mary faculty. Her teaching interests include law and economics, regulation, environmental economics and industrial organization. Professor Stafford's research focuses on the effect of environmental regulations on firm and industry behavior.


Scholarly Publications
Articles
  • Do 'Carrots' Work? Examining the Effectiveness of EPA's Compliance Assistance Program, ___ J. Pol'y Analysis & Mgmt. ___ (forthcoming).
  • Private Policing of Environmental Performance: Does it Further Public Goals?, 39 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 73 (2012).
  • How Green is Your Campus? An Analysis of the Factors that Drive Universities to Embrace Sustainability, 29 Contemp. Econ. Pol'y 337 (2011).
  • Outsourcing Enforcement: Principles to Guide Self-Policing Regimes, 32 Cardozo L. Rev. 2293 (2011).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Individual Decision Making Experiments with Risk and Intertemporal Choice, 38 J. Risk & Uncertain. 51 (2009) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
  • Self-Policing in a Targeted Enforcement Regime, 74 S. Econ. J. 934 (2008).
  • Peer-reviewed, Can Consumers Enforce Environmental Regulations? The Role of the Market in Hazardous Waste Compliance, 31 J. Reg. Econ. 83 (2007).
  • Peer-reviewed, Should You Turn Yourself In? The Consequences of Environmental Self-Policing, 26 J. Pol'y Analysis & Mgmt. 305 (2007).
  • Peer-reviewed, Contributor, Rational or Confused Polluters? Evidence from Hazardous Waste Compliance, 5 B.E. J. Econ. Analysis & Pol'y 21 (2006), reprinted in The Economics of Hazardous Waste and Contaminated Land, (Hilary Sigman ed., Edward Elgar, 2008).
  • Peer-reviewed, State Adoption of Environmental Audit Initiatives, 24 Contemp. Econ. Pol'y 172 (2006).
  • Does Self-Policing Help the Environment? EPA's Audit Policy and Hazardous Waste Compliance, 6 Vt. J. Envtl. L. (2005).
Other
  • Hazardous Substances, in Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource and Environmental Economics (Jason Shogren ed., Elsevier Academic Press, forthcoming).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Management of Hazardous Waste and Contaminated Land, 3 Annual Review of Resource Economics 255 (with Hilary Sigman) (forthcoming).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, A Facility-level Analysis of the Long-term Consequences of Environmental Auditing among Hazardous Waste Generators, 40 Journal of Regulatory Economics 279 (2011) (with Mary Evans & Lirong Liu).
  • Where Things Stand with Hazardous Waste Regulation, Wkly. Pol'y Comment. Resources Future, Mar. 30, 2009, at 76, reprinted in Ian Parry and Felicia Day, eds., Issues of the Day: 100 Commentaries on Climate, Energy, the Environment, Transportation, and Public Health Policy, Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, 2010.
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, The Campus Parking Game: A Demonstration of Price Discrimination and Consumer Welfare, 71 S. Econ. J. 668 (2005) (with Jeffrey Michaels et al.).
  • Peer-reviewed, Progress Toward Title IX Compliance: The Effect of Formal and Informal Enforcement Mechanisms, 85 Soc. Sci.Q. 1469 (2004) (in Special Issue Social Science Examines Education).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, An Experimental Analysis of Rent Seeking Under Varying Competitive Conditions, 115 115 Pub. Choice 199 (2003) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of State Regulation and Enforcement of Hazardous Waste, 23 J. Reg. Econ. 27 (2003).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Network Externalities and Standardization: A Classroom Demonstration, 69 Southern Economic Journal 1000 (2003) (with Christopher S. Ruebeck et al.).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Punishment in a Regulatory Setting: Experimental Evidence from the VCM, 24 24 J. Reg. Econ. 91 (2003) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
  • Peer-reviewed, The Effect of Punishment on Firm Compliance with Hazardous Waste Regulations, 44 J. Envtl. Econ. & Mgmt. 290 (2002).
  • Peer-reviewed, The Impact of Environmental Regulations on the Location of Firms in the Hazardous Waste Management Industry, 76 Land Econ. 569 (2000).
  • Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Costs and Benefits of the RCRA Corrective Action Program: A National Perspective, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Hazardous Waste: Impact on Human and Ecological Health (1996) (with Barnes Johnson et al.).

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