William & Mary
Neal E. Devins

Neal E. Devins

Sandra Day O'Connor Professor of Law, Professor of Government, and Director, Institute of Bill of Rights Law
Degrees: J.D., Vanderbilt University; A.B., Georgetown University
Email: [[nedevi]]
Office phone: (757) 221-3845
Office location: Room 254C
Areas of Specialization

Civil Rights Law; Constitutional Law

Representative Professional Activities and Achievements

Joined the faculty in 1987. Served as Assistant General Counsel for the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights and Project Director for the Vanderbilt Institute for Public Policy Studies.

Author of Shaping Constitutional Values: The Supreme Court, Elected Government and the Abortion Dispute and articles in the Chicago, Columbia, Stanford, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, California, William and Mary and Yale law reviews. Co-author of Political Dynamics of Constitutional Law and The Democratic Constitution. Editor of the book series, Constitutional Conflicts, published by Duke University Press.

Consultant to the ABA Central and Eastern European Law Initiative, reporter for the Congressional Process Committee of the ABA and serves on the Board of Directors of AVALON (battered women's shelter). Faculty advisor to the William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal.

Scholarly Publications
  • Co-author, The Company They Keep: How Partisan Divisions Came to the Supreme Court (Oxford U. Press in progress) (with Lawrence Baum).
  • Co-editor and Contributor, Congress and the Constitution (Keith Whittington ed., Constitutional Conflicts Series, Duke U. Press 2005).
  • Co-editor and Contributor, A Year at the Supreme Court (Davison Douglas ed., Constitutional Conflicts Series, Duke U. Press 2004).
  • Co-author, The Democratic Constitution (Oxford U. Press 2004) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Editor and Contributor, Government Lawyering (61 Law & Contemp. Probs., Vols. 1 & 2 1998).
  • Co-editor and Contributor, Redefining Equality (Davison Douglas ed., Oxford U. Press 1998).
  • Shaping Constitutional Values: The Supreme Court, Elected Government, and the Abortion Dispute (Interpreting American Politics Series, Johns Hopkins U. Press 1996).
  • Co-editor, Federal Abortion Politics: A Documentary History (Wendy Watson ed., Garland Publ'g 1995).
  • Editor and Contributor, Elected Branch Influences in Constitutional Decisionmaking (Law & Contemp. Prob., Autumn 1993).
  • Co-author, Political Dynamics of Constitutional Law (West Pub. Co. 1992) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Editor and Contributor, Public Values, Private Schools (Stanford Series on Education & Public Policy, Falmer Press 1989).
Book Revisions and Supplements
  • Co-author, Political Dynamics of Constitutional Law (West Pub. Co. 6th ed. in progress ) (with Louis Fisher) (5th ed. 2011, 320 pp.; 4th ed. 2006, 320 pp.; 3d ed. 2001, 325 pp.; 2d ed. 1996, 316 pp. ).
  • Co-author, The Democratic Constitution (Oxford U. Press 2d ed. 2015) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Co-author, Split Definitive: How Party Polarization Turned the Supreme Court Into a Partisan Court, 2016 Sup. Ct. Rev. ___ (forthcoming 2017) (with Lawrence Baum). SSRN.
  • Symposium, Why Congress Does Not Challenge Judicial Supremacy, 58 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming). SSRN.
  • Co-author, The Vanishing Common Law Judge?, 165 U. Pa. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming) (with David Klein). SSRN.
  • Symposium, Rethinking Judicial Minimalism: Abortion Politics, Party Polarization, and the Consequences of Returning the Constitution to Elected Government, 69 Vand. L. Rev. 935 (2016). SSRN.
  • Co-author, The Amicus Machine, 102 Va. L. Rev. 1901 (2016) (with Allison Orr Larsen). SSRN.
  • Co-author, 'Ideology' or 'Situation Sense'? An Experimental Investigation of Motivated Reasoning and Professional Judgment, 164 U. Pa. L. Rev. 349 (2016) (with Dan Kahan et al.). SSRN.
  • Co-author, 50 States, 50 Attorneys General, and 50 Approaches to the Duty to Defend, 124 Yale L.J. 2100 (2015) (with Saikrishna B. Prakash). SSRN.
  • Symposium, Measuring Party Polarization in Congress: Lesson from Congressional Participation as Amicus Curiae, 65 Case West. L. Rev. 933 (2015).
  • Co-author, Congress's (Limited) Power to Represent Itself in Court, 99 Cornell L. Rev. 571 (2014) (with Tara Leigh Grove). SSRN.
  • Co-author, Dicta, Schmicta: Theory Versus Practice in Lower Court Decision-Making, 54 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 2021 (2013) (with David Klein). SSRN.
  • Co-author, Essay, Reverse Advisory Opinions, 80 U. Chi. L. Rev. 859 (2013) (with Saikrishna Prakash). SSRN.
  • Party Polarization and Judicial Review: Lessons from the Affordable Care Act, 106 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1821 (2012).
  • Co-author, The Indefensible Duty to Defend, 112 Colum. L. Rev. 507 (2012) (with Saikrisha Prakash). SSRN.
  • Why Congress Did Not Think About the Constitution When Enacting the Affordable Health Care Act, 106 Nw. U. L. Rev. Colloquy 261 (2012).
  • Co-author, Do Judicial Elections Facilitate Popular Constitutionalism; Can They?, 111 Colum. L. Rev. Sidebar 27 (2011) (with Nicole Mansker).
  • Symposium, Party Polarization and Congressional Committee Consideration of Constitutional Questions, 105 Nw. U. L. Rev. 737 (2011).
  • Co-author, Symposium, Public Opinion and State Supreme Courts , 13 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 455 (2011) (with Nicole Mansker).
  • Symposium, How State Supreme Courts Take Consequences Into Account: Towards a State-Centered Understanding of State Constitutionalism, 62 Stan. L. Rev. 1629 (2010).
  • Symposium, Talk Loudly and Carry a Small Stick: The Supreme Court and Enemy Combatants, 12 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 491 (2010).
  • Co-author, Why the Supreme Court Cares about Elites, Not the American People, 98 Geo. L.J. 1515 (2010) (with Lawrence Baum).
  • Symposium, How Planned Parenthood v. Casey (Pretty Much) Settled the Abortion Wars, 118 Yale L.J. 1318 (2009).
  • Symposium, Presidential Unilateralism and Political Polarization, 45 Willamette L. Rev. 395 (2009).
  • The More Things Change, 12 Green Bag 137 (2009).
  • Symposium, Ideological Cohesion and Precedent, 86 N.C. L. Rev. 1399 (2008).
  • Co-author, Symposium, Not-So-Independent Agencies, 88 B.U. L. Rev. 459 (2008) (with David Lewis).
  • Co-author, Symposium, Can We Make the Constitution More Democratic?, 55 Drake L. Rev. 971 (2007) (with Ilya Somin).
  • Symposium, Congress, the Supreme Court, and Enemy Combatants: How Lawmakers Buoyed Judicial Supremacy by Placing Limits on Federal Court Jurisdiction, 91 Minn. L. Rev. 1562 (2007).
  • Symposium, Constitutional Avoidance and the Roberts Court, 32 U. Dayton L. Rev. 339 (2007).
  • Symposium, How Congress Paved the Way for the Rhenquist Court's Federalism Revival: Lessons from the Federal Partial Birth Abortion Ban, 21 St. John's J. Legal Comment. 461 (2007).
  • Co-author, Law Review Article Placement: Benefit or Beauty Prize, 56 J. Legal Educ. 374 (2007) (with Dennis Callahan).
  • Symposium, Politique partisane et indépendance judiciare, 7 Politique Américaine 103 (2007).
  • Symposium, Signing Statements and Divided Government, 16 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 63 (2007).
  • Book Review, The D'Oh! of Popular Constitutionalism, 105 Mich. L. Rev. 1333 (2007) (reviewing Jeffrey Rosen, The Most Democratic Branch: How the Courts Serve America (2006)).
  • Symposium, Should the Supreme Court Fear Congress?, 90 Minn. L. Rev. 1337 (2006).
  • Symposium, Smoke, Not Fire, 65 Md. L. Rev. 197 (2006).
  • Symposium, Tom Delay: Popular Constitutionalist?, 81 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1055 (2006).
  • Co-author, Symposium, Judicial Review and Nongeneralizable Cases, 32 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 323 (2005) (with Alan Meese).
  • Symposium, The Academic Expert Before Congress: Observations and Lessons from Bill Van Alstyne's Testimony, 54 Duke L.J. 1525 (2005).
  • Better Lucky Than Good, 8 Green Bag 33 (2004).
  • Symposium, Bring Back the Draft?, 19 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1107 (2004).
  • Symposium, The Judicial Safeguards of Federalism, 99 Nw. U. L. Rev. 131 (2004).
  • Symposium, The Majoritarian Rehnquist Court?, 67 Law & Contemp. Probs. 63 (2004).
  • Symposium, Congress and the Making of the Second Rehnquist Court, 47 St. Louis U. L.J. 773 (2003).
  • Essay, Congress, Civil Liberties, and the War on Terrorism, 11 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1139 (2003).
  • Explaining Grutter v. Bollinger, 152 U. Pa. L. Rev. 347 (2003).
  • Reply, Politics and Principle: An Alternative Take on Seth. P. Waxman's Defending Congress, 81 N.C. L. Rev. 2061 (2003).
  • Co-author, Symposium, The Uneasy Case for Department of Justice Control of Government Litigation, 5 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 558 (2003) (with Michael Herz).
  • Reply, Symposium, Misunderstood, 82 B.U. L. Rev. 293 (2002).
  • Defending Congress's Interests in Court: How Lawmakers and the President Bargain Over Department of Justice Representation, 32 Pres. Stud. Q. (2002).
  • Symposium, The Federalism-Rights Nexus: Explaining Why Senate Democrats Can Tolerate Rehnquist Court Decisionmaking But Not the Rehnquist Court, 73 U. Colo. L. Rev. 1307 (2002).
  • Co-author, Symposium, The Steel Seizure Case: One of a Kind?, 19 Const. Comment. 63 (2002) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Symposium, Congress as Culprit: How Lawmakers Spurred on the Court's Anti-Congress Crusade, 51 Duke L.J. 435 (2001).
  • Symposium, Congressional Factfinding and the Scope of Judicial Review: A Preliminary Analysis, 50 Duke L.J. 1169 (2001).
  • Symposium, Social Meaning and School Vouchers, 42 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 919 (2001).
  • Colloquy, How Constitutional Law Casebooks Perpetuate the Myth of Judicial Supremacy, 3 Green Bag 259 (2000).
  • Symposium, Abdication by Another Name: An Ode to Lou Fisher, 19 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 65 (2000).
  • Asking the Right Questions: How the Courts Honored the Separation of Powers by Reconsidering Miranda, 149 U. Pa. L. Rev. 251 (2000) (point/counterpoint).
  • Symposium, On Casebooks and Canons or Why Bob Jones University Will Never Be Part of the Constitutional Law Canon, 17 Const. Comment. 285 (2000).
  • Symposium, Reanimator: Mark Tushnet and the Second Coming of the Imperial Presidency, 34 U. Rich. L. Rev. 359 (2000).
  • Co-author, Symposium, The Consequences of Department of Justice Control of Litigation Authority on Agency Programs, 52 Admin. L. Rev. 1345 (2000) (with Michael Herz).
  • Bearing False Witness: The Clinton Impeachment and the Future of Academic Freedom, 148 U. Pa. L. Rev. 165 (1999).
  • Book Review, I Love You Big Brother, 87 Cal. L. Rev. 1283 (1999) (reviewing Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward L. Rubin, Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State (1998)).
  • Symposium, Reflections on Coercing Privacy, 40 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 795 (1999).
  • Book Review, The Democracy-Forcing Constitution, 97 Mich. L. Rev. 1971 (1999) (reviewing Cass R. Sunstein, One Case at a Time (1999)).
  • Symposium, Foreward: Government Lawyering, 61 Law & Contemp. Probs. 1 (1998).
  • Symposium, How Not to Challenge the Court, 39 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 645 (1998).
  • Co-author, Essay, Judicial Exclusivity and Political Instability, 84 Va. L. Rev. 83 (1998) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Co-author, Symposium, The Battle that Never Was: Congress, The White House, and Agency Litigation Authority, 61 Law & Contemp. Probs. 205 (1998) (with Michael Herz).
  • A Loss of Control, 84 A.B.A. J. 26 (1998).
  • Symposium, In Search of the Lost Chord: Reflections on the 1996 Item Veto Act, 47 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 1605 (1997).
  • Book Review, The Interactive Constitution: An Essay on Clothing Emperors and Searching for Constitutional Truth, 85 Geo. L.J. 691 (1997) (reviewing Louis Michael Seidman & Mark V. Tushnet, Remnants of Belief (1996)).
  • Co-author, The Triumph of Timing: Raines v. Byrd and the Modern Supreme Court's Attempt to Control Constitutional Confrontations, 86 Geo. L.J. 351 (1997) (with Michael A. Fitts).
  • Essay, Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena and the Continuing Irrelevance of Supreme Court Affirmative Action Decisions, 37 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 673 (1996).
  • Symposium, Congressional-Executive Information Access Disputes: A Modest Proposal -- Do Nothing, 48 Admin. L. Rev. 109 (1996).
  • Book Review, Government Lawyers and the New Deal, 96 Colum. L. Rev. 237 (1996) (reviewing William E. Leuchtenburg, The Supreme Court Reborn (1995)).
  • Essay Review, The Countermajoritarian Paradox, 93 Mich. L. Rev. 1433 (1995) (reviewing David J. Garrow, Liberty and Sexuality (1994)).
  • Symposium, Interest Balancing and Judicially Managed Equal Educational Opportunity, 45 Mercer L. Rev. 1017 (1994).
  • Tempest in an Envelope: Reflections on the Bush White House's Failed Takeover of the U.S. Postal Service, 41 UCLA L. Rev. 1035 (1994).
  • Essay Review, Through the Looking Glass: What Abortion Teaches Us About American Politics, 94 Colum. L. Rev. 293 (1994) (reviewing Barbara Hinkson Craig & David M. O'Brien, Abortion and American Politics (1993)).
  • Unitariness and Independence: Solicitor General Control Over Independent Agency Litigation, 82 Cal. L. Rev. 255 (1994).
  • Co-author, Committee Leadership and Statutory Interpretation, 45 Admin. L. Rev. 239 (1993) (with Larry Evans & Jarrell Wright).
  • Symposium, Congress, the FCC, and the Search for the Public Trustee, 56 Law & Contemp. Probs. 145 (1993).
  • Co-author, Congressional Procedure and Statutory Interpretation, 44 Administrative Law Review (1993) (with C Lawrence Evans & J. Wright).
  • Symposium, Political Will and the Unitary Executive: What Makes an Independent Agency Independent?, 15 Cardozo L. Rev. 273 (1993).
  • Symposium, Reagan Redux: Civil Rights Under Bush, 68 Notre Dame L. Rev. 955 (1993).
  • Symposium, Forward: Elected Branch Influences in Constitutional Decisionmaking, 4 Law & Contemp.Probs. 1 (1993).
  • Symposium, Fundamentalist Christian Educators v. State: An Inevitable Compromise, 60 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 818 (1992).
  • Symposium, A Symbolic Balanced Budget Amendment , 9 J.L. & Pol. 61 (1992).
  • Correspondence: The Stuff of Constitutional Law, 77 Iowa L. Rev. 1795 (1992).
  • Book Review, Groups Versus Individuals, 1992 Pub. Int. L. Rev. 115 (1992) (reviewing Herman Belz, Equality Transformed: A Quarter Century of Affirmative Action (1991)).
  • Essay Review, Judicial Matters, 80 Cal. L. Rev. 1027 (1992).
  • Symposium, Where's the Politics?, 34 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1 (1992).
  • Essay Review, The Civil Rights Hydra, 89 Mich. L. Rev. 1723 (1991).
  • The Rhetoric of Equality, 44 Vand. L. Rev. 15 (1991).
  • Metro Broadcasting v. F.C.C.: Requiem for a Heavyweight, 69 Tex. L. Rev 125 (1990).
  • Budget Reform and the Balance of Powers, 31 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 993 (1990).
  • Affirmative Action After Reagan, 68 Tex. L. Rev. 353 (1989).
  • Symposium, Appropriations Redux: A Critical Look at the Fiscal Year 1988 Continuing Resolution, 1988 Duke L.J. 389 (1988).
  • Essay Review, Gender Justice and Its Critics, 76 Cal. L. Rev. 1377 (1988).
  • Co-author, Judicial Vigilantism: Inherent Judicial Authority to Appoint Contempt Prosecutors in Young v. United States ex rel Vuitton Et Fils. S.A., 76 Ky. L.J. 861 (1988) (with Steven Mulroy).
  • Essay Review, The Constitution Between Friends, 67 Tex. L. Rev. 213 (1988).
  • Co-author, Averting Government by Consent Decree: Constitutional Limits on the Enforcement of Settlements with the Federal Government, 40 Stan. L. Rev 203 (1987) (with Jeremy Rabkin).
  • Essay Review, Centralization in Education: Why Johnny Can't Spell Bureaucracy, 75 Cal. L. Rev. 759 (1987).
  • Symposium, The Regulation of Government Agencies through Appropriation Riders, 1987 Duke L.J. 456 (1987).
  • Book Review, 54 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 661 (1986) (reviewing John Agresto, The Supreme Court and Constitutional Democracy (1984)).
  • Book Review, Defining Effective Civil Rights Enforcement in Education , 86 Colum. L. Rev. 1093 (1986).
  • Co-author, How Successfully Can the States' Item Veto be Transferred to the President?, 76 Geo. L.J. 159 (1986) (with Louis Fisher).
  • Essay Review, On the Limits of Court-ordered Social Change: A Critical Look at Dimond's Beyond Busing, 1986 Am. B. Found. Res. J. 559 (1986).
  • Book Review, 11 Hastings Const. L.Q. 505 (1985) (reviewing John W. Whitehead, The Second American Revolution (David C. Cook Publ'g Co. 1982)).
  • A Constitutional Right to Home Instruction?, 62 Wash. U. L.Q. 435 (1985).
  • Religious Symbols and the Establishment Clause, 27 J. Church & St. 19 (1985).
  • The Trouble with Jaycees , 34 Cath.U. L. Rev. 901 (1985).
  • A Political Analysis of Bob Jones University v. U.S., 1 J.L. & Pol. 403 (1984).
  • Co-author, Symposium, New Federalism in Education: The Meaning of Chicago School Desegregation, 59 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1243 (1984) (with James B. Stedman).
  • School Desegregation Law in the 1980's: The Court's Abandonment of Brown v. Board of Education, 26 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 7 (1984).
  • Co-author, Standing and Adverseness on the Issue of Tax Exemptions for Discriminatory Private Schools, 52 Fordham L. Rev. 441 (1984) (with Thomas McCoy).
  • Essay Review, Integration and Local Politics , 73 Pub. Int. 175 (1983) ((Review)).
  • State Regulation of Christian Schools, 10 J. Legis. 351 (1983).
  • Tax Exemptions for Racially Discriminatory Private School: A Legislative Proposal, 20 Harv. J. on Legis. 153 (1983).
  • Co-author, Tax Policy Analysis of Bob Jones University v. U.S., 36 Vand. L. Rev. 1353 (1983) (with Charles O. Galvin).
  • Inconsistent Standards of Review in Last Term's Establishment Clause Cases, 1983 Nat'l L.J. 22 (1983).
Book Chapters
  • The Constitutional Politics of Congress, in Oxford Handbook on the Constitution of the United States (M. Graber, S. Levinson, M. Tushnet eds., Oxford U. Press 2015).
  • Group Formation and Precedent, in Precedent on the United States Supreme Court (C.J. Peters ed., Springer 2014).
  • Congress and Judicial Supremacy, in The Politics of Judicial Independence: Courts, Politics, and the Public (Bruce Peabody ed., Johns Hopkins U. Press 2011).
  • Same Sex Marriage and the New Judicial Federalism: Why State Courts Should Not Consider Out-of-State Backlash, in New Frontiers of State Constitutional Law: Dual Enforcement of Constitutional Norms (James Gardner & Jim Rossi eds., Oxford U. Press 2010).
  • Co-author, The Supreme Court, Social Psychology, and Group Formation, in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making (David Klein & Greg Mitchell eds., Oxford U. Press 2010) (with Will Federspiel).
  • Co-author, The Constitution and Congressional Committees, 1971-2000, in The Least Examined Branch: The Role of Legislatures and Constitutionalism (Richard W. Bauman & Tsvi Kahana eds., Cambridge U. Press 2006) (with Keith Whittington & Hutch Hicken).
  • Co-author, Alexander Bickel and the New Judicial Minimalism, in The Judiciary and American Democracy (Ken Ward ed., SUNY Press 2005) (with Christopher J. Peters).
  • Congressional Factfinding and the Scope of Judicial Review, in Congress and the Constitution (Neal Devins & Kevin Whittington eds., Constitutional Conflicts Series, Duke U. Press 2005).
  • Substantive Due Process, Public Opinion, and the Right to Die, in The Rehnquist Legacy (C. Bradley ed., Cambridge U. Press 2005).
  • Is Judicial Policy-Making Countermajoritarian?, in Making Policy, Making Law: An Interbranch Perspective (Mark Miller & Jeb Barnes eds., Georgetown U. Press 2004).
  • Executive Privilege and Congressional and Independent Investigations, in Separation of Powers: Documents and Commentary (Katy Haringer ed., C. Q. Press 2003).
  • Government Lawyering, in Oxford Companion to American Law (Kermit Hall ed., Oxford U. Press 2002).
  • The Last Word Debate Revisited, in The Constitutionalism of Louis Fisher (Robert Spitzer ed., SUNY Press 2000).
  • The Judicial Role in Equality, in Redefining Equality (Neal Devns & Davison Douglas eds., 1998).
  • Co-author, The Pursuit of Equality, in Redefining Equality (Oxford U. Press 1998) (with Davison Douglas).
  • Toward an Understanding of Legal Policymaking at Independent Agencies, in Government Lawyers (Cornell W. Clayton ed., U. Press of Kansas 1995).
  • Private Schools and Public Values, in Public Values, Private Schools (Falmer Press 1989).
  • Home Instruction, in School Law Update (Tom Jones ed., NOLPE 1986).
  • Nebraska and the Future of State Regulation of Christian Schools, in Government Intervention in Religious Affairs (Dean Kelly ed., Pilgrim Press 1986).
  • Co-author, The State and the Christian Day School, in Religion and the State: Essays In Honor of Leo Pfeffer (James E. Wood ed., Baylor U. Press 1985) (with James C. Carper).
  • Co-author, Op-ed, Federalist Court: How the Federalist Society became the de facto selector of Republican Supreme Court justices, Slate.com, Jan. 31, 2017 (with Lawrence Baum). Online.
  • Co-author, Legal scholarship highlight: The Amicus Machine, SCOTUSblog (2016) (with Allison Orr Larsen). Online.
  • Co-author, Op-ed, Can a state's attorney general pick and choose which laws to defend?, Los Angels Times, Apr. 18, 2016 (with Saikrishna Prakash). Online.
  • Co-author, Op-ed, Ideological Imbalance: Why Democrats usually pick moderate-liberal justices and Republicans usually pick conservative ones, Slate, Mar. 17, 2016 (with Lawrence Baum). Online.
  • Counsel Rests, Slate, Jan. 14, 2014. Online.
  • Co-author, Commentary on marriage grants: Article III & same-sex marriage, SCOTUSblog (2012) (with Tara Leigh Grove). Online.
  • Co-author, Split Definitive, Slate, Nov. 11, 2011 (with Lawrence Baum). Online.
  • Congressional Responses to Supreme Court Decisions, in Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court (Mark Graber et al. eds., Gale MacMillan 2008).
  • Bob Jones University v. U.S., in Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberty (Routledge Press 2006).
  • Zelman v. Sommers-Harris, in Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States 1115 (Kermit Hall ed., Oxford U. Press 2005).
  • Symposium, Working With Congress: The Warren-Rehnquist Court Connection, Bull. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci., 2004, at 15 (Summer).
  • What Brown Teaches Us About the Rehnquist Court's Federalism Revival, PS: Pol. Sci. & Pol., Apr. 2004, at 211.
  • Bob Jones University v. United States, in Religion and American Law: An Encyclopedia (2000).
  • State Regulation of Religious Education, in Religion and American Law: An Encyclopedia (Paul Finkelman ed., Garland 2000).
  • William Jefferson Clinton, in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (Leonard Levy et al. eds., Macmillan 2000).
  • Co-author, Sign Them Up, The Legal Times, July 24, 2000, at 62 (with John McGinnis).
  • Co-author, Don't Rush the Court, N.Y. Times, Feb. 16, 1998, at A15 (with Michael Fitts).
  • The Last Word Debate, A.B.A. J., Oct. 1997, at 46, reprinted in The Supreme Court and It's Justices (J. Choper ed., A.B.A. 2001).
  • 1991 Civil Rights Act, in Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Leonard Levy & Louis Fisher eds., Simon & Schuster 1993).
  • Affirmative Action, in Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Leonard Levy & Louis Fisher eds., Simon & Schuster 1993).
  • Appropriation Riders, in Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Leonard Levy & Louis Fisher eds., Simon & Schuster 1993).
  • Continuing Resolutions, in Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Leonard Levy & Louis Fisher eds., Simon & Schuster 1993).
  • Philadelphia Plan, in Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Leonard Levy & Louis Fisher eds., Simon & Schuster 1993).
  • Lessons of Founding Fatherhood, Chi. Tri., Nov. 16, 1991, at C21.
  • The Civil Rights Commission, Wall St. J., Oct. 19, 1990, at A14.
  • Don't Write Off the Reagan Social Agenda, A.B.A. J., Feb. 1987, at 42.
  • Co-author, Constitutional Rights Without Remedies: Judicial Review of Underinclusive Legislation, Judicature, Oct.-Nov., 1986, at 151 (with Bruce Miller).
  • Co-author, A Welcome Retreat from Government by Consent Decree, Wall St. J., Apr. 10, 1986, at 32 (with Jeremy Rabkin).
  • Co-author, Reading the Establishment Clause, Commonweal., Sept. 20, 1985, at 492 (with Benjamin Feder).
  • Can A Unitary District Choose Neighborhood Schools?, Educ. Wk., May 15, 1985, at 17.
  • Federal Courts are Becoming Reluctant to Take the Lead in Civil-Rights Reform, Chron. Higher Educ., Nov. 28, 1984, at 88.
  • N.H. Bar's Residency Requirement Faces a Constitutional Challenge, Nat'l L.J., Nov. 12, 1984, at 24.
  • Seniority Rights v. Racial Quotas, Christian Sci. Monitor, Aug. 22, 1984, at 14.
  • The Supreme Court and Private Schools: An Update, This World , Apr. 1984, at 13.
  • Who's to Blame for Judicial Activism?, Wall St. J., Apr. 17, 1984, at 34.
  • Closing the Classroom Door on Civil Rights, Hum. Rts. , Jan. 1984, at 26.
  • Did the High Court Go Too Far to Make a Politically Popular Ruling, Nat'l L.J., June 20, 1983, at 13.
  • Co-author, The Injustice of the Death Penalty, Christian Sci. Monitor, Apr. 20, 1983, at 23 (with Roy Herron), reprinted in Readings in Argument (J. Fahnestock & M. Secor eds., Random House 1985).
  • Fundamentalist Schools v. The Regulators, Wall St. J., Apr. 14, 1983, at 28.
  • Plagiarism at Princeton: An Academic Judgment or a Disciplinary Procedure.
  • How Secular is Georgetown University?, Wash. Post, Sept. 12, 1982, at B8.

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