Chancellor Professor of Law and
Office phone: (757) 221-3792
Office location: Room 211D
Areas of Specialization
Computers and the Law; Constitutional Law--4th, 5th, 6th Amendments; Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure Law; Evidence; Law Related Education; Law and Technology; Legal Research; Legal Skills; Legal Writing; Military Law; Practice of Law; Professional Responsibility; Trial Practice
Teaching in Academic Year 2013-2014
Applied Evidence in a Technological Age; Criminal Procedure Survey; Directed Reading-CLCT Summer; Evidence-CLCT Summer; Independent Legal Research-CLCT Summer; Independent Legal Writing-CLCT Summer; Trial Advocacy: Technology Augmented
Representative Professional Activities and Achievements
Joined the faculty in 1980. Clerked for Judge Frederick P. Bryan, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, held various legal positions with the U.S. Army including four years on the faculty of the Judge Advocate General's School and was a Fulbright-Hays Scholar.
Author of Fundamental Criminal Procedure, Military Law and articles in the Military Review, William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal, and Emory Law Journal. Editor of Basic Virginia Law for Non-Lawyers. Co-author of Court-Martial Procedure; An Introduction to Law, Law Study, and the Lawyer’s Role; Concepts of American Law; Aspects of American Law; Courtroom Criminal Evidence; and Defending Criminal Cases in Virginia. Co-drafter of Proposed Virginia Rules of Evidence. A principal author of the Military Rules of Evidence. Co-author and production consultant for three law-related television series and a frequent lecturer on courtroom technology.
Member of the American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section’s Committee on Rules of Evidence and Procedure. Member of the Board of Directors, Virginia Consortium for Law Related Education. Founder and Director of the Center for Legal and Court Technology Project.
- Co-author, A Modern Approach to Evidence) (in press 2011) (with Richard O. Lampert, et al.).
- Co-Author, An Introduction to Law, Law Study, and the Lawyer's Role (Carolina Acad. Press 3d 2010) (with James Moliterno).
- Co-author, Three-volume treatise, Court-Martial Procedure (Lexis forthcoming 2006) (with Francis Gilligan).
- Excerpts from Basic Advocacy and Litigation in a Technological World (desktop published 2005).
- Military Law, Cases and Materials (desktop published 2003).
- Fundamental Criminal Procedure (Part Two, The Criminal Justice Process) (1999) [desktop published].
- Co-author/editor, Concepts of American Law (1991) (law-related education curriculum materials for middle school use).
- Co-author, Introduction to Law, Law Study, and the Lawyer's Role (Carolina Acad. Press 1991) (with Jim Moliterno).
- Co-author/editor, Aspects of American Law (1988, 1989) (law-related education curriculum materials for high school and college use.
- Co-author, Courtroom Criminal Evidence (Michie 1987) (with Edward Imwinkelried, Paul Giannelli, & Fran Gilligan).
- Co-author, Criminal Evidence (Michie 1987).
- Co-author, Criminal Evidence (West 1979).
Book Revisions and Supplements
- Co-author, Courtroom Criminal Evidence (Lexis 4th ed. 2005; 3d ed. 1998, pp. 1570) (2 volumes) (with Edward Imwinkelried, Paul Giannelli, & Fran Gilligan).
- Co-author, An Introduction to Law, Law Study & the Lawyer's Role (Carolina Acad. Press 2d ed. 2004) (with James E. Moliterno).
- Co-author, Emerging Problems Under the Federal Rules of Evidence (3d ed. 1998).
- Technology-Augmented Courtrooms -- Progress Amid a Few Complications, or the Problematic Interrelationship Between Court and Counsel, 60 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 675 (2005).
- The Potential Use of Courtroom Technology in Major Terrorism Cases, 12 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 887 (2004).
- Courtroom Technology: For Trial Lawyers the Future is Now, A.B.A. Crim. Just., Spring 2004, at 14.
- The Courtroom 21 Project: Creating the Courtroom of the Twenty-First Century, 43 A.B.A. Judges' J., Winter 2004, at 39.
- The Road to the Virtual Courtroom? A Consideration of Today’s -- and Tomorrow’s -- High Technology Courtrooms, (State Justice Inst. 1999), reprinted in 50 S.C. L. Rev. 799 (2000).
- The Effect of Courtroom Technologies on and in Appellate Proceedings and Courtrooms, 2 J. App. Prac. & Process 251 (2000), reprinted in 50 Defense L.J. 773 (2001).
- The New Courtroom: The Intersection of Evidence and Technology: Some Thoughts on the Evidentiary Aspects of Technologically Produced or Presented Evidence, 28 Sw. U. L. Rev. 389 (1999).
- The Courtroom As a Stop On the Information Superhighway, Australian J.L. Reform (1998).
- Courtroom Technology and Its Educational Implications, Educ. & Prac. 3 (1998).
- Technology Comes to the Courtroom, and . . ., 43 Emory L.J. 1095 (1994).
- Co-author, Needed: An Independent Military Judiciary: A Proposal To Amend the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 3 Wm. & Mary Bill of Rts. J. 629 (1994).
- Co-author, Does the Fourth Amendment Apply to the Armed Forces?, 3 Wm. & Mary Bill of Rts. J. 219 (1994); reprinted in 144 Mil. L. Rev. 110 (1994).
- The Courtroom in the Age of Technology, in Celebrating the Courthouse (Steven Flanders ed. 2006).
- Courtroom Technology: A Status Report, in Electronic Judicial Resource Management 179 (Kamlesh N. Agarwala & Murlui D. Tiwari eds., New Delhi 2005).
- Beyond Flip Charts, Legal Tech. News, Feb. 1, 2006, at 5.
- Prime Time Video: As Technology Improves, Legal Tech. News, Oct. 1, 2006, at 9.
- Ruminations on Public Perceptions of Technology-Enabled Dispute Resolution and Their Legal Effects (internal desk-top published 2005).
- Editor, Courtroom 21 Court Affiliates Protocols for the Use by Lawyers of Courtroom Technology (internal desk-top published 2004).
- Why the Reluctance? Lawyers Still Hesitate to Show They are Tech Savvy, Law Tech. News, Oct. 29, 2003, at 38.
- From Trials to Recruiting, The Days of Shaky Images and Busy Sound are Gone, Legal Tech. Newsl., June 19, 2003, at 38.
- Empirical Research Report, The Use of Technology in the Jury Room (desktop-published 2002), available at http://www.legaltechcenter.net/publications/articles/jurytech.index.html.
- Century Trials, The Technology Wars Are Here!, For the Defense, Dec. 2001, at 30.
- An Introduction to Technology Based Evidence Presentation, Legal Tech. Product News, Dec. 2000, at ____.
- Co-author, The Millennium Lawyer (2000) (published via CD ROM) (with Richard Herrmann).
- Courtroom Technology, A Judicial Primer, A.B.A. Judges' J., Winter 2000, at 13.
- Courtroom Technology in the 21st Century, Trial, July 1999, at ___.
- Courtroom Technology From the Judge's Perspective, Court Review, Spring 1998, at 20.
- Courtroom Technology -- An Introduction to the Onrushing Future, Proceedings of the 5th Court Technology Conference (National Center for State Courts CD-Rom 1997)
- An Introduction to Technology-Based Evidence Presentation, Legal Technical Product News (1997).
- Technology Augmented Litigation, Proceedings of the Fifth National/First European Conference on Law, Computers and Artificial Intelligence (1996), reprinted in 5 Information & Communications Technology Law (1996).
- Funeral Oration in Honor of United States v. Burton, Army Law. July 1994, at 40.
- Revolution in Courtroom Technology Presents Opportunity and Risk, Trial, Nov. 1994, at 86.
- Courtroom 21: A Model Courtroom of the 21st Century, Nat'l Center for St. Courts Bull., Jan.-Feb., 1994, at 1.
- The Road to the Military Courthouse (ABA Committee on General Practice, 1976) (pamphlet).
- Co-author, Cases and Materials on the Analysis of the Military Criminal Legal System (2d ed. 1975) (The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army).
- Co-author, Empirical Research Report, Assisting Jury Comprehension of Foreign Language Voice Intercepts (YEAR) (with Constance Pilkington, Stacey-Rae Simcox & Heidi Simon) (completing data analysis).